Alcañiz’s New Hospital
Alcaniz (Teruel), 2010
Project authors: UTE, Santiago Carroquino |Architects, b720 Architects, Beneitez Architects, Pm, Mt-Patricio Martinez, Maximià Torruella Architecture.
Announces: Aragon’s Health Service
Built area: 53.007,60 m²
With this setting as landscape and with the urban reference to the south, the area belonging to the new hospital, is going to share, for the time being, the strong image of the horizontal stone architecture, at times natural like Pueyo and Santa Barbara’s Hills; at others shaped by men, related to the countryside and adapted to the banks of the river, which involves itself with the town while creating meanders.
The hospital takes these pre-existences and thus appears as a landscape’s referential image, as an oblong and compact collection. With a horizontal and compact base, clean and piled up areas, hardly sequenced by the pauses of the patios It is also able to host, in a united way, all the functions required, defining, by its position on the calmed land plateau, the first architectural skyline that is shared with the old town, where the bell tower of the Church of Santa Maria la Mayor and the castle of Calatrava stand out.
The proposal and the terraced ordered geometry of the nearby fields and present the new, yet not connected, urban areas where the allocations set themselves up in central focuses. The hospital, according to these premises is located in the new border between the town and the suburbs; in the northern part of the town and next to the future bypass roads.
The establishment and concept of the project tries to avoid apparently innovative formalisms, respecting the landscape and the scale of the territory. It also gives an answer, with functional criteria, to the different requirements, depending on their aspects; the hosted functional program; and the role of the landscape.
The clarity of the area, and the land, extruded by the action of the gardener or farm worker, supports the idea of the plant cover, making the volume part of the local colours and textures.